Hover Travel and Bee Travel Variety Assortment

Hover Travel and Bee Travel Variety Assortment

Bee Types Assortment

Out-of 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee variety (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was caught up from inside the Calanques Government Park thru both on the internet and might pan pitfall show. It belonged so you can six parents and you can 38 genera. Megachilidae are some of the most classes-steeped household members, followed by Apidae and Halictidae, with 53, 44, and you may 43 categories, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is simply this new wealthiest genus, which have 33 diversity, while you are eight genera was portrayed regarding one kinds (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step one [on the internet simply] ). With the jackknife step one and you may 2 bots, the latest bee species richness is simply projected getting ranging from ± nine.89 and you can ± . The fresh viewed fullness ergo depicted 71.step 3 to 79.6% of the projected bee fullness ( Desk dos). This new Chao1 method estimated new viewed richness to obtain 76.8% of your potential limitation fullness ( Desk 2). The most plentiful kinds is largely Apis mellifera L. (276 some body), that have Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and 168 people, respectively), and you can Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 somebody). Eventually, fifty categories (26%) were portrayed from the only 1 personal (singletons).

Ecosystem Features of Bees

Concerning your ecological characteristics out-of nesting requires, i realized 59 solitary bee variety nesting more than flooring, ninety-five single bee diversity nesting underground and you may 23 cleptoparasitic range, much like 29.eight, 47.9, and you may multiple.0% of the complete bee diversity richness, respectively. We concept of five private types (bumble bees and you can honey bees-dos.1%). In the course of time, the brand new nesting needs out-of fourteen variety will still be unfamiliar (seven.3%- Supp Dining table the first step [online just] ). About your flowery diet out-of bee groups, i discovered that 105 versions (54.7%) foraged with the many bush species (i.many years., generalist diversity, polylectic) and you will 51 variety (26.5%) foraged on a single plant family relations or even one to/partners bush kinds (i.many years., elite group species, oligolectic). Toward leftover thirty six bee assortment (18.8%), the brand new floral diet plan wasn’t recognized (e.grams., having cleptoparasitic varieties). not, extremely generalist variety presented a preference for starters otherwise a number from plant family ( Supp Table step one [online merely] ). With the forty-two singletons, fourteen bee categories (28%) was gurus, and you can nine bee variety (18%) were cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [online simply] ).

An enthusiastic IUCN position are readily available to have 178 diversity (excluding the new groups property and you can as yet not known products). The essential, 47 designs are categorized given that analysis devoid of (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 types have been the absolute minimum alarmed (LC-69.6%), half dozen variety was near endangered (NT-step three.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and another kinds is believed endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk step 1 [online merely] ). Three oligolectic groups had been among eight threatened bee products. An effective. ovatula and you may C. albomaculatus is actually professional into the Fabaceae, D. argentata is simply a professional for the Caprifoliaceae.

From 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 38 brand of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was stuck to the Calanques Federal Park. They belonged to twenty four genera ( Supp Table 2 [on the web simply] ). The most numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 somebody), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 individuals), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de– Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville for the Latreille, 1828 (13 somebody), whereas 20 products (53%) have been illustrated in the one personal ( Supp Desk dos russian brides free dating site [online simply] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was in fact depicted of your own 20 variety, together with four singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on the internet simply] ). Brand new quote from complete variety richness out-regarding hover flies and you will bee flies try anywhere between 83 and you can 97 groups making use of the jackknife 1 and dos spiders, correspondingly. Therefore, brand new seen richness depicted 59.8–69.9% of projected hover fly and you may bee travel fullness ( Dining table dos).

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